The easiest, fastest and painless solution is using a pre-compiled package: some apt-get install stuff after added the proper repo of the distro generally does the trick.
But fortunately GCC/G++ are always in progress tools and it is useful to be able to align to the most recent version autonomously.
So, this the base directory of the GCC ftp repo:
choose the subdir of the version you want and download it with
untar/unzip it and move to the directory:
tar xzvf gcc-6.3.0.tar.gz
some prerequisites must be downloaded as well:
then we’ll go back to our home dir and we’ll create a directory that we’ll use for building the sources; starting from this dir we configure the MakeFile:
cd ~ mkdir gcc-build cd gcc-build ../gcc-6.3.0/configure -v --prefix=$HOME/gcc-6.3.0
Just a note about the
--prefix=$HOME/gcc-6.3.0 switch; the gcc online documentation states:
We use srcdir to refer to the toplevel source directory for GCC; we use objdir to refer to the toplevel build/object directory.
Specify the toplevel installation directory. This is the recommended way to install the tools into a directory other than the default. The toplevel installation directory defaults to /usr/local.
We highly recommend against dirname being the same or a subdirectory of objdir or vice versa. If specifying a directory beneath a user’s home directory tree, some shells will not expand dirname correctly if it contains the ‘~’ metacharacter; use $HOME instead.
so, depending where you are working, you could change
$HOME/gcc-6.3.0 with the directory where you put the sources.
For an ARM architecture some other switches must be used – my config command line (for a R-PI 3) was like this:
../gcc-6.3.0/configure -v --enable-languages=c,c++ --prefix=/media/usb/gcc/gcc-6.3.0 --program-suffix=-6.3.0 --with-arch=armv6 --with-fpu=vfp --with-float=hard --build=arm-linux-gnueabihf --host=arm-linux-gnueabihf --target=arm-linux-gnueabihf
At this point just do the make jump – this will compile gcc/g++ and depending on your machine the time needed may vary; a RaspberryPi 3 will need a lot of time (many, many hours):
when it’s done, we can install it in the system:
sudo make install
Disk space needed
The whole thing is going to take quite a lot of disk space: to host sources and build version 6.3.0 I had to use 4.6GB of disk space.